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Examining the influence of transformational leadership, organizational commitment, job embeddedness, and job search behaviors on turnover intentions in intercollegiate athletics

Jon Welty Peachey (Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA)
Laura J. Burton (Department of Educational Leadership, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA)
Janelle E. Wells (Department of Sport Management, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA)

Leadership & Organization Development Journal

ISSN: 0143-7739

Article publication date: 28 October 2014

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence of transformational leadership, organizational commitment, job embeddedness, and job search behaviors on voluntary turnover intentions among senior administrators in intercollegiate athletics departments in the USA.

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 196 senior athletic administrators completed an online questionnaire assessing transformational leadership of the athletic director, organizational commitment, job embeddedness, job search behaviors, and voluntary turnover intentions. A model of turnover intentions was tested using structural equation modeling.

Findings

Results indicated that organizational commitment did not mediate the relationship between transformational leadership and job search behaviors, nor did job search behaviors mediate the relationship between organizational commitment and turnover intentions. However, job embeddedness moderated the relationship between organizational commitment and job search behaviors.

Research limitations/implications

While the study results cannot be generalized outside of the intercollegiate context, the findings further the understanding of variables influencing the relationship between transformational leadership and turnover, which can guide future research.

Practical implications

To limit job search and retain employees, managers would benefit from targeting retention efforts on employees with less organizational commitment and lower levels of job embededdness. Managers should strive to foster job embeddedness among employees.

Originality/value

This study examines potential mediating and moderating variables of the relationship between transformational leadership and voluntary turnover intentions, an area of inquiry that has not been fully explored in the literature.

Keywords

Citation

Welty Peachey, J., J. Burton, L. and E. Wells, J. (2014), "Examining the influence of transformational leadership, organizational commitment, job embeddedness, and job search behaviors on turnover intentions in intercollegiate athletics", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 35 No. 8, pp. 740-755. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-10-2012-0128

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited