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A two-nation investigation of leadership self-perceptions and motivation to lead in early adulthood: the moderating role of gender and socio-economic status

Thomas Hoyland (University of Hull, Hull, UK)
Alexandros Psychogios (Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK) (Cyprus International Institute of Management, Nicosia, Cyprus)
Olga Epitropaki (Durham University, Durham, UK)
Jonathan Damiani (Le Moyne College, Syracuse, New York, USA)
Sumona Mukhuty (Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK)
Chris Priestnall (University of Hull, Hull, UK)

Leadership & Organization Development Journal

ISSN: 0143-7739

Article publication date: 20 January 2021

Issue publication date: 19 March 2021

953

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing on the social-cognitive and motivational literature of leadership, the present study examines the influence of young adults' self-perceptions of leadership on their leadership self-efficacy (LSE) and motivation to lead (MTL) in their future career. The authors further examine gender and socio-economic status (SES) as important moderators of the proposed relationships.

Design/methodology/approach

The present investigation consists of a two-study research design, based on data collected from young adult samples across two culturally different countries, namely the UK (N = 267) and Japan (N = 127).

Findings

The study presents evidence of self-perceptions of leadership influencing LSE and MTL. The results further support the mediating role of leader self-efficacy. Regarding the moderating role of gender, results in both samples showed that the effects of leader self-efficacy on MTL were stronger for males. SES was found to moderate the effects of leadership self-perceptions of negative implicit leadership theories (ILTs) on LSE in the UK sample and the effects of leadership self-perceptions of positive ILTs on LSE in the Japanese sample.

Originality/value

This study fills the gap of empirical research focused on early adulthood influences on leadership development. In particular, this study has a three-fold contribution, by, firstly, developing a conceptual model that examines the role of young adults' self-perceptions of leadership on their self-efficacy as leaders and MTL; secondly examining contingencies of the proposed relationships; and thirdly testing the conceptual model in two countries.

Keywords

Citation

Hoyland, T., Psychogios, A., Epitropaki, O., Damiani, J., Mukhuty, S. and Priestnall, C. (2021), "A two-nation investigation of leadership self-perceptions and motivation to lead in early adulthood: the moderating role of gender and socio-economic status", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 42 No. 2, pp. 289-315. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-03-2020-0112

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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