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Linking emotional intelligence to turnover intention: LMX and affective organizational commitment as serial mediators

Emna Gara Bach Ouerdian (Higher Institute of Management of Tunis (ISG), University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia) (PRISME Laboratory (LR18ES24), Sfax, Tunisia)
Nizar Mansour (Higher Colleges of Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)
Khadija Gaha (Université Sainte-Anne, Pointe-de-l'Eglise, Canada)
Manel Gattoussi (Higher Institute of Management of Tunis (ISG), University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia)

Leadership & Organization Development Journal

ISSN: 0143-7739

Article publication date: 2 September 2021

Issue publication date: 26 October 2021

1235

Abstract

Purpose

The present study attempts to examine the mediating effect of leader member exchange (LMX) and affective organizational commitment on the relationship between followers' emotional intelligence (EI) and their turnover intention.

Design/methodology/approach

Using a cross-sectional design, survey data were obtained from 182 employees in Tunisia. Survey responses were analyzed using Model 6 in PROCESS (Hayes, 2017).

Findings

As predicted, LMX and affective organizational commitment were found to sequentially and totally mediate the causal relationship between EI and turnover intention.

Research limitations/implications

The limitations include using a cross-sectional design, convenience sampling and self-report measures for EI, LMX, affective commitment and turnover intention.

Practical implications

Organizations need to encourage more emotionally intelligent responses in employees which improve the quality of their leader–follower relationships. The quality of LMXs enhances the affective commitment that drives lower turnover intention.

Originality/value

While the relationship between EI and turnover intention has been theorized, this study is one of the first to enable us to explore the mechanisms underlying this relationship. Specifically, a sequential mediation model linking EI with turnover intention through LMX and affective commitment was proposed.

Keywords

Citation

Gara Bach Ouerdian, E., Mansour, N., Gaha, K. and Gattoussi, M. (2021), "Linking emotional intelligence to turnover intention: LMX and affective organizational commitment as serial mediators", Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 42 No. 8, pp. 1206-1221. https://doi.org/10.1108/LODJ-01-2021-0016

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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