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Role stressors and coping strategies among nurse managers

Sonia Udod (College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada)
Greta G. Cummings (Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada)
W. Dean Care (School of Health Studies, Brandon University, Brandon, Canada)
Megan Jenkins (College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada)

Leadership in Health Services

ISSN: 1751-1879

Article publication date: 6 February 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to share preliminary evidence about nurse managers’ (NMs) role stressors and coping strategies in acute health-care facilities in Western Canada.

Design/methodology/approach

A qualitative exploratory inquiry provides deeper insight into NMs’ perceptions of their role stressors, coping strategies and factors and practices in the organizational context that facilitate and hinder their work. A purposeful sample of 17 NMs participated in this study. Data were collected through individual interviews and a focus group interview. Braun and Clarke’s (2006) six phase approach to thematic analysis guided data analysis.

Findings

Evidence demonstrates that individual factors, organizational practices and structures affect NMs stress creating an evolving role with unrealistic expectations, responding to continuous organizational change, a fragmented ability to effectively process decisions because of work overload, shifting organizational priorities and being at risk for stress-related ill health.

Practical implications

These findings have implications for organizational support, intervention programs that enhance leadership approaches, address individual factors and work processes and redesigning the role in consideration of the role stress and work complexity affecting NMs health.

Originality/value

It is anticipated that health-care leaders would find these results concerning and inspire them to take action to support NMs to do meaningful work as a way to retain existing managers and attract front line nurses to positions of leadership.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This funding was made possible through the Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation, New Investigator Establish Grant. The authors are grateful to the individuals who participated in this study and shared their time and insights.

Citation

Udod, S., Cummings, G.G., Care, W.D. and Jenkins, M. (2017), "Role stressors and coping strategies among nurse managers", Leadership in Health Services, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 29-43. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHS-04-2016-0015

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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