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Analysis of the socioeconomic barriers in implementing public health measures to contain COVID-19 transmission in Pakistan: a DELPHI–DEMATEL-based approach

Sharafat Ali (Department of Economics, Government Graduate College Kot Sultan, Layyah, Pakistan) (College of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, China)
Bushra Faizi (Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar)
Hamid Waqas (Westminster International University in Tashkent, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
Waqas Ahmed (Westminster International University in Tashkent, Tashkent, Uzbekistan)
Syed Ahsan Ali Shah (School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 30 November 2021

Issue publication date: 3 March 2023

218

Abstract

Purpose

The present study aims to identify and evaluate the socioeconomic barriers to effective COVID-19 pandemic transmission control in Pakistan.

Design/methodology/approach

The study identifies multiple socio-economic barriers through an extensive literature review. The preliminary analysis unveiled 15 socio-economic barriers. Nine experts were contacted to collect data and finalize the most prominent barriers to COVID-19 transmission control using the DELPHI method. The Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) method was used to process and interpret the data collected and a cause–effect relationship was established among the barriers.

Findings

The finalized barriers to effective COVID-19 pandemic transmission control were evaluated using DEMATEL which grouped criteria into two grouped criteria – cause and effect. The DEMATEL analysis shows that poor safety culture, lack of strategy and goal setting, lack of resources, late realization and recognition of the pandemic problem and lack of expertise and capacity in disaster and risk management fall into the cause group. These factors are critical as they directly affect the remaining barriers identified in the study.

Originality/value

Despite the collective global efforts, the national economies have been struggling to completely control COVID-19 transmission control. Pakistan’s economy has been facing the third wave of the pandemic. It is mandatory to identify the barriers and evaluate them to develop a comprehensive strategy ensuring that there would be no fourth wave. The study identifies and evaluates the barriers to COVID-19 transmission control in Pakistan using the integrated DELPHI-DEMATEL framework. The findings would help the government, experts and strategists to develop a comprehensive disaster and risk management strategy.

Keywords

Citation

Ali, S., Faizi, B., Waqas, H., Ahmed, W. and Shah, S.A.A. (2023), "Analysis of the socioeconomic barriers in implementing public health measures to contain COVID-19 transmission in Pakistan: a DELPHI–DEMATEL-based approach", Kybernetes, Vol. 52 No. 3, pp. 1149-1170. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-08-2021-0706

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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