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Identifying the push and pull factors for migration patterns vis-à-vis smart cities’ context

Naveen Naval (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India)
Charalampos Alexopoulos (Department of Information and Communications Systems Engineering, University of the Aegean, Mytilene, Greece)
Nina Rizun (Department of Informatics in Management, University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland)
Stuti Saxena (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India)

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management

ISSN: 2053-4620

Article publication date: 8 March 2024

49

Abstract

Purpose

While the causes of migration across a range of diverse societies have been studied in the extant literature, a systematic study encapsulating the extant literature pertaining to the push and pull factors for the phenomenon of migration has not been conducted so far. The purpose of this study is to present a gist of the push and pull factors that are responsible for migration patterns across different contexts.

Design/methodology/approach

Inferences from the literature review and documentary analysis show that, on the one hand, the push factors for migration entail the enforced reasons like natural causes, wars, health and the like; the pull factors are, by and large, the affirmative ones related to better job opportunities, anticipation of improved well-being, etc.

Findings

It may also be deduced that both the categories of migration causes are analyzed at the individual, group, societal as well as regional levels.

Originality/value

Hitherto, the migration research has focused on understanding the antecedents and consequences of migration in temporal–spatial context, but a syncretic understanding of the push and pull factors behind migration vis-à-vis smart cities is required. The present study seeks to fill this gap. Besides contributing toward the mainstream literature on migration in general, the present study also adds to the literature pertaining to the specific factors responsible for migration patterns.

Keywords

Citation

Naval, N., Alexopoulos, C., Rizun, N. and Saxena, S. (2024), "Identifying the push and pull factors for migration patterns vis-à-vis smart cities’ context", Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-04-2023-0061

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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