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Performance outcome of entrepreneurial behavior of SMEs in a developing economy: the role of international mindset

Ahmed Agyapong (KNUST School of Business, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Patience Dakora Maaledidong (KNUST School of Business, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Henry Kofi Mensah (KNUST School of Business, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)

Journal of Strategy and Management

ISSN: 1755-425X

Article publication date: 11 January 2021

Issue publication date: 3 May 2021

345

Abstract

Purpose

Despite the burgeoning stream of research on the relationship between entrepreneurial behavior (EB) and performance, the linkage between entrepreneurial behaviour, international mindset and performance is still underexplored. Therefore, this study investigates how the international mindset moderates the relationship between entrepreneurial behavior and performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The study's model is tested on a sample of 257 small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in an emerging economy – Ghana – using a three-stage least squares estimator.

Findings

Results indicate that an international mindset primarily fosters entrepreneurial behavior in driving performance over and above the unique positive contributions of entrepreneurial behavior and international mindset. Specifically, the study finds that at high levels of international mindset, the positive effects of innovativeness and risk-taking elements of entrepreneurial behavior becomes strengthened. The international mindset's moderating role on the entrepreneurial behavior-performance linkage shows that the international mindset makes SMEs more innovative and open to risk, hence affecting performance positively.

Originality/value

The study demonstrates that, in the SME sector in the emerging economies, the relationship between the individual dimensions of entrepreneurial behavior and performance is contingent upon the role international mindset play in such a relationship. Further, this study explores how international mindset interacts uniquely with the EB (innovativeness, risk-taking and proactiveness) to predict performance.

Keywords

Citation

Agyapong, A., Maaledidong, P.D. and Mensah, H.K. (2021), "Performance outcome of entrepreneurial behavior of SMEs in a developing economy: the role of international mindset", Journal of Strategy and Management, Vol. 14 No. 2, pp. 227-245. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSMA-07-2020-0173

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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