Although operating reserves can aid nonprofit organizations in alleviating periods of fiscal stress, they are not widely used. This study examines organizational factors that impact the level of operating reserves in nonprofit organizations. It also explores the relationship of operating reserves with organizational demographics and financial health variables using a six-year (1998-2003) unbalanced panel regression model containing 460,437 observations. Findings demonstrate a positive relationship between operating reserves and administration ratio, profit margin, operating margin, and organization age. Conversely, the size of operating reserves is negatively related to leverage ratio, donations, and organization size. Revenue diversification, however, shows a mixed relationship with operating reserves among different types of nonprofit indicating complexity in risk-reducing strategy. This study contributes to understanding factors relevant to the presence, or absence, of nonprofit operating reserves.
Grizzle, C., Sloan, M.F. and Kim, M. (2015), "Financial factors that influence the size of nonprofit operating reserves", Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, Vol. 27 No. 1, pp. 67-97. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPBAFM-27-01-2015-B003
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