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A perceptual study of relationship between emotional intelligence and job performance among higher education sector employees in Saudi Arabia

Shuana Zafar Nasir (Department of Management Science, Yanbu University College, Yanbu, Saudi Arabia)
David Bamber (University of Bolton, Bolton, UK)
Nasir Mahmood (Yanbu University College, Yanbu, Saudi Arabia)

Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance

ISSN: 2051-6614

Article publication date: 5 October 2022

Issue publication date: 6 March 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to investigate faculties' perceptions of emotional intelligence about job performance (task and contextual performance (TP and CP)) in the higher education sector in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Design/methodology/approach

This research employed an explanatory research design method. A quantitative design approach is adopted by implementing a survey-based study. Quantitative data have been collected anonymously from faculty members (n = 277) working in different higher educational institutes in Saudi Arabia.

Findings

The research findings revealed a positive relationship between others' emotions appraisal and use of emotions with CP, whilst all the dimensions of emotional intelligence, namely self-emotions appraisal (SEA), others' emotions appraisal (OEA), use of emotions (UOE) and regulation of emotions (ROE) revealed a significant positive relationship with the TP. Nevertheless, the research supports the argument that emotional intelligence is considered an essential contributor to faculty members' job performance.

Practical implications

This research study provides empirical support for the argument that emotional intelligence is a direct driver for enhancing job performance through the appraisal, use and regulation of emotions. In terms of practical implications, the research findings will encourage higher education institutions to take specific actions that will help to enhance awareness of and build emotional intelligence skills amongst faculty staff.

Originality/value

This study is the first that has sought to investigate the impact of emotional intelligence on employees' performance in the Saudi Arabian higher education sector. Additionally, this study has developed a new psychometric scale that is useful in the higher education sector.

Keywords

Citation

Nasir, S.Z., Bamber, D. and Mahmood, N. (2023), "A perceptual study of relationship between emotional intelligence and job performance among higher education sector employees in Saudi Arabia", Journal of Organizational Effectiveness: People and Performance, Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 60-76. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOEPP-11-2021-0323

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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