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Job resources and satisfaction across gender: the role of work–family conflict

Marijana Matijaš (Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia)
Marina Merkaš (Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia)
Barbara Brdovčak (Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia)

Journal of Managerial Psychology

ISSN: 0268-3946

Article publication date: 2 October 2018

Issue publication date: 25 October 2018

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the direct effects of job autonomy and co-worker support on job satisfaction, and the mediational role of work–family conflict (WFC) in the relationship between these job resources and job satisfaction in men and women.

Design/methodology/approach

A cross-sectional design was used. Participants (n=653) completed the WFC scale (Netemeyer et al., 1996), the job autonomy scale (Costigan et al., 2003), a scale of co-worker support (Sloan, 2012) and a new short multidimensional scale of job satisfaction.

Findings

Higher job autonomy and co-worker support contribute positively to job satisfaction in women and men. Co-worker support has an indirect effect on job satisfaction via WFC in women, but not in men. The WFC did not mediate the relationship between job autonomy and satisfaction in men and women.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the research on the effects of job resources on WFC and job satisfaction, and on gender differences in the relationship between work and family.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The Catholic University of Croatia’s project “Parents’ work, family economic hardship, and well-being of parents and children” (HKS-2016-3) financed this work. The authors would like to express their gratitude to all the children and their parents who participated in the project. Also, the authors would like to thank all principals and school staff who helped them with data collection and all psychology students who helped them with data entry.

Citation

Matijaš, M., Merkaš, M. and Brdovčak, B. (2018), "Job resources and satisfaction across gender: the role of work–family conflict", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 33 No. 4/5, pp. 372-385. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMP-09-2017-0306

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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