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Age, job identification, and entrepreneurial intention

Isabella Hatak (Institute for SME Management and Entrepreneurship, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna, Austria AND Institute for Innovation Management, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria)
Rainer Harms (Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies / NIKOS, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands)
Matthias Fink (Institute for Innovation Management, Johannes Kepler University, Linz, Austria, AND Institute for International Management Practice, ARU Cambridge, Cambridge, UK)

Journal of Managerial Psychology

ISSN: 0268-3946

Article publication date: 9 February 2015




The purpose of this paper is to examine how age and job identification affect entrepreneurial intention.


The researchers draw on a representative sample of the Austrian adult workforce and apply binary logistic regression on entrepreneurial intention.


The findings reveal that as employees age they are less inclined to act entrepreneurially, and that their entrepreneurial intention is lower the more they identify with their job. Whereas gender, education, and previous entrepreneurial experience matter, leadership and having entrepreneurial parents seem to have no impact on the entrepreneurial intention of employees.

Research limitations/implications

Implications relate to a contingency perspective on entrepreneurial intention where the impact of age is exacerbated by stronger identification with the job.

Practical implications

Practical implications include the need to account for different motivational backgrounds when addressing entrepreneurial employees of different ages. Societal implications include the need to adopt an age perspective to foster entrepreneurial intentions within established organizations.


While the study corroborates and extends findings from entrepreneurial intention research, it contributes new empirical insights to the age and job-dependent contingency perspective on entrepreneurial intention.



Hatak, I., Harms, R. and Fink, M. (2015), "Age, job identification, and entrepreneurial intention", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 38-53.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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