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CPEC: a route for outflow of illegal wealth from Pakistan

Wahaj Ahmed Khan (Karachi University Business School, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan)
Syed Tehseen Jawaid (Applied Economics Research Center, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan)
Danish Ahmed Siddiqui (Karachi University Business School, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan)

Journal of Money Laundering Control

ISSN: 1368-5201

Article publication date: 30 September 2020

Issue publication date: 31 July 2021

182

Abstract

Purpose

This study examines the new venue of moving illegal wealth from Pakistan under the umbrella of China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The study first discussed the features of CPEC in short and how it may bring stability and a new phase of development in the region and also in Pakistan. The review of related literature has suggested that previous studies are more focused on the advantages of CPEC and are almost neglecting the cons of the said project. Later, the research puts light on the problem of money laundering from Pakistan through CPEC and related trade transactions; Walker’s Gravity model has been used to calculate the attractiveness of money laundering. It has highlighted that China’s attractiveness for moving illegal wealth from Pakistan is increased in recent years; the risk of an increase in the amount of money laundered is also analyzed through the Fan Chart technique. Attributes which are making China more attractive for Pakistani wrongdoers are also discussed. The study aims to conclude that if the problem of money laundering will be addressed properly, the CPEC will play a vital role in bringing stability in Pakistan.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a descriptive and quantitative approach. This study uses the Walker’s Gravity Model updated by Unger et al. (2006) to measure money laundering in Pakistan. A newly developed technique for forecasting that is Fan Chart has been used to predict the trend of China’s attractiveness for money laundering as a preferred destination from Pakistan.

Findings

The study finds out that China is already increasing its ranking as a favorite destination for money laundering from Pakistan. Fan Chart analysis suggests that the attractiveness score will be increased.

Practical implications

The study helps in highlighting the problem of increase in money laundering from Pakistan through China under the umbrella of CPEC.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, there is no study found on the topic of the problem of money laundering linked with CPEC, and this is the first effort to point out the problem.

Keywords

Citation

Khan, W.A., Jawaid, S.T. and Siddiqui, D.A. (2021), "CPEC: a route for outflow of illegal wealth from Pakistan", Journal of Money Laundering Control, Vol. 24 No. 3, pp. 544-558. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMLC-06-2020-0065

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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