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Nurse perceptions of the use of seclusion in mental health inpatient facilities: have attitudes to Māori changed?

Chris Drown (Faculty of Education, Humanities and Health Science, Eastern Institute of Technology, Hawke’s Bay, New Zealand)
Thomas Harding (School of Health Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand)
Robert Marshall (Faculty of Education, Humanities and Health Science, Eastern Institute of Technology, Hawke’s Bay, New Zealand)

The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice

ISSN: 1755-6228

Article publication date: 12 March 2018

626

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the results of New Zealand initiatives to reduce seclusion rates and report the attitudes of mental health nurses to seclusion, factors involved in seclusion use, and alternatives to seclusion.

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire was circulated to mental health inpatient staff. Data from the Ministry of Health for seclusion numbers and rates for Ma¯ori and non-Ma¯ori were also collected.

Findings

The major barriers to reducing the use of seclusion related to staffing issues, a lack of management and medical support, and physical characteristics of the facility. Data from the Office of the Director of Mental Health annual reports from 2007-2014 clearly show a reduction in the total seclusion events, the number of patients secluded, and the percentage of total patients secluded. However, the percentage of Ma¯ori secluded compared to the total number of patients secluded showed little change from 2007 to 2013.

Originality/value

Further analysis of the nurse’s responses showed that four of the six least-used strategies incorporated Ma¯ori cultural approaches. The authors surmise that an inability to provide culturally sensitive care, either through staffing or education factors, may be implicated in the lack of change in the seclusion rates for Ma¯ori. This may also be pertinent to seclusion rates for indigenous peoples in other countries.

Keywords

Citation

Drown, C., Harding, T. and Marshall, R. (2018), "Nurse perceptions of the use of seclusion in mental health inpatient facilities: have attitudes to Māori changed?", The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 100-111. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMHTEP-12-2016-0055

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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