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The entrepreneurial university: a proposed model for developing nations

Rima Bizri (Rafik Hariri University, Mechref, Lebanon)
Jamil Hammoud (Rafik Hariri University, Mechref, Lebanon)
Marwa Stouhi (Rafik Hariri University, Mechref, Lebanon)
Manar Hammoud (American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon)

Journal of Management Development

ISSN: 0262-1711

Article publication date: 13 June 2019

Issue publication date: 14 June 2019




The purpose of this paper is to propose a model for entrepreneurial universities (EPUs) that operate in developing countries, as most of the existing research has either focused on the western context or neglected context altogether. The model is intended to identify the EPU’s key success factors while taking into consideration its contextual constraints.


A 60-item survey instrument was designed and distributed across the top 10 QS-ranked universities in Lebanon, and the data were analyzed using structural equation modeling with SmartPLS.


The results of data analysis confirmed the influence of resources and capabilities and knowledge transfer as the two most powerful “university-specific” success factors. Importantly, the relationship between the university-specific factors and innovation was mediated by the presence of a strong entrepreneurial culture, while an entrepreneurship environment was found to be conducive to entrepreneurship outcomes of the EPU.


This paper fills a gap in the literature by suggesting a model for the EPU in developing nations, taking into consideration the various constraints of those nations.



The authors would like to express sincere gratitude to the National Council for Scientific Research (CNRS) which funded this research through a research grant over the year 2017. The authors would also like to extend sincere gratitude to the reviewers whose comments and suggestions were instrumental in improving the outcome of this paper.


Bizri, R., Hammoud, J., Stouhi, M. and Hammoud, M. (2019), "The entrepreneurial university: a proposed model for developing nations", Journal of Management Development, Vol. 38 No. 5, pp. 383-404.



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