This study aims to explore the factors undergirding knowledge creation in the university-industry complex inter-organizational arrangement. It builds upon social capital and relationship marketing theories.
This study uses a qualitative research design. In total, 36 innovation champions involved in knowledge creation were interviewed to provide detailed insights into the process. A thematic analysis of the in-depth interviews was conducted.
The principal finding was that opportunistic behavior was a significant barrier to knowledge creation. In severe cases, the knowledge creation process was destroyed, resulting in lost investment. Principled behavior and investment in affect-based and cognition-based trust, through five critical trust development activities, provided the best path to successful knowledge creation.
This study contributes to the knowledge management literature by providing insights into the enablers and barriers to the formation of cooperation, a crucial antecedent to knowledge creation literature. It also affords practical implications for innovation managers and policymakers on how they can improve knowledge creation by using social capital and relationship marketing theory in complex inter-organizational arrangements.
The authors would like to thank Professors Olivia and Del Giudice for their support and the smooth processing of the paper. They are also thankful to the reviewers for their constructive comments. Funding: The authors acknowledge the support for this work from the Intelligent Polymer Research Institute, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science (ACES), and the Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP).
Tootell, A., Kyriazis, E., Billsberry, J., Ambrosini, V., Garrett-Jones, S. and Wallace, G. (2021), "Knowledge creation in complex inter-organizational arrangements: understanding the barriers and enablers of university-industry knowledge creation in science-based cooperation", Journal of Knowledge Management, Vol. 25 No. 4, pp. 743-769. https://doi.org/10.1108/JKM-06-2020-0461
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