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Feasibility and reliability of screening on mild to borderline intellectual disabilities using SCIL through video-administration

Nienke Agnes Spaan (Faculty of Social Work and Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands)
Matthijs Verzaal (Faculty of Social Work and Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands)
Hendrien Lourine Kaal (Faculty of Social Work and Applied Psychology, University of Applied Sciences Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands)

Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour

ISSN: 2050-8824

Article publication date: 9 November 2020

Issue publication date: 5 March 2021

40

Abstract

Purpose

In the Netherlands, the Screener for Intelligence and Learning Disabilities (SCIL) was developed to aid recognition of mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID) early in the criminal justice system or health-care trajectory. In situations where physically meeting the suspect or client is not feasible, administration of the SCIL using a video-link might be a solution. This paper aims to examine whether the SCIL is still reliable when administered remotely instead of face-to-face.

Design/methodology/approach

The SCIL was administered twice to a total of 89 respondents: once face-to-face, once using a video link, in varying order and with an interval of at least six weeks. A laptop with a Skype connection was used for the remote administration, while an assistant was present to make sure the respondents did not have to perform technical actions. After the second SCIL administration, respondents were asked to answer a series of evaluation questions.

Findings

Respondents were generally satisfied with both methods of administration of the SCIL. However, they were in general more positive about face-to-face administration. Nevertheless, most respondents would be willing to undergo administration through video-link in future. On average, respondents scored slightly lower on the SCIL when administered remotely (µ = 16.31, SE = 0 0.77) than with face-to-face administration (µ = 16.94, SE = 0.78), t(88) = 2.47, p = 0 0.015. Calculation of the reliability of the assessment “suspected MBID” showed a (linear weighted) Kappa of 0.77, p = 0.000, 95% RI: 0.64-0.90.

Originality/value

The results of this study show that with some caution, the SCIL can be administered remotely. When doing this, the SCIL will only lead to a small number of respondents being wrongly labelled as “suspected MBID”.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was commissioned and funded by the Dutch Ministry of Justice and Security.

Citation

Spaan, N.A., Verzaal, M. and Kaal, H.L. (2021), "Feasibility and reliability of screening on mild to borderline intellectual disabilities using SCIL through video-administration", Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, Vol. 12 No. 1, pp. 12-22. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIDOB-05-2020-0011

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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