A qualitative attraction ranking model for personalized recommendations
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology
Article publication date: 12 March 2018
This paper aims to find a way to personalize attraction recommendations for travelers. The research objective is to find a more accurate way to suggest new attractions to each traveler based on the opinions of other like-minded travelers and the traveler’s preferences.
To achieve the goal, developers have created a personalized system to generate attraction recommendations. The system considers an individual traveler’s preferences to construct a qualitative attraction ranking model. The new ranking model is the result of blending two processes: K-means clustering and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP).
The performance of the developed recommendation system has been assessed by measuring the accuracy and scalability of the ranking model of the system. The experimental results indicate that the ranking model always returns accurate results independent of the number of attractions and the number of travelers in each cluster. The ranking model has also proved to be scalable because the processing time is independent of the numbers of travelers. Additionally, the results reveal that the overall system usability is at a very satisfactory level.
The main theoretical implication is that integrating the processes of K-means and AHP techniques enables a new qualitative ranking model for personalized recommendations that deliver only high-quality attractions. However, the designed recommendation system has some limitations. First, it is necessary to manually update information about the new tourist attractions. Second, the overall response time depends on the internet bandwidth and latency.
This research contributes to the tourism business and individual travelers by introducing an accurate and scalable way to suggest new attractions to each traveler. The potential benefit includes possible increased revenue for travel agencies that offer personalized package tours and support individual travelers to make the final travel decisions. The designed system could also integrate with itinerary planning systems to plot out a journey that pinpoints what travelers will most enjoy.
This research proposes a design and implementation of a personalized recommendation system based on the qualitative attraction ranking model introduced in this article. The novel ranking model is designed and developed by integrating K-means and AHP techniques, which has proved to be accurate and scalable.
为了达到研究目的, 本研究建立了一种个性化推荐旅游胜地的信息系统。其系统通过分析每个游客的旅游偏好来建设一种定性旅游胜地排名模型。这种新型模型主要通过结合以下两种分析算法：（1）K平均聚类算法（K-means clustering）（2）层次分析法（AHP）。
本研究建立的推荐信息系统经过了准确率和拓展性的测评。实验结果表明这种排名模型的准确率并不受旅游胜地多少和游客样本大小的影响。此外, 这种排名模型也具有拓展性, 因为算法时间并不受游客样本大小的影响。最后, 研究实验表明此排名模型客户体验性达到合格满意要求。
本研究的主要理论意义在于其结合了K平均聚类算法和层次分析法, 并建立了一种新型定性排名模型, 这种排名模型个性化地推荐更高质量的旅游胜地给游客。然而, 这种推荐信息系统有一些局限性。第一, 新旅游胜地的信息需要手动输入。第二, 整个系统的处理时间决定于网络带宽和延迟状况。
Angskun, T. and Angskun, J. (2018), "A qualitative attraction ranking model for personalized recommendations", Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 2-13. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHTT-09-2016-0047
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