Occupational health and safety management practices and musculoskeletal disorders in aged care: Are policy, practice and research evidence aligned?
Journal of Health Organization and Management
Article publication date: 15 May 2017
The purpose of this paper is to examine whether occupational health and safety (OHS) management used to manage musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the aged care sector reflects contemporary research evidence of best practice to reduce the incidence of these disorders.
In total, 58 interviews were conducted with managers and supervisors in the aged care sector across four organisations in Australia. Policies and procedures relating to MSDs were reviewed for each organisation.
Policies and procedures for managing MSDs do not reflect contemporary evidence, which supports a complex aetiology, related to a range of physical and psychosocial workplace factors. Despite strong evidence that psychosocial factors contribute to MSD development, these were not included in the policies and procedures reviewed. Findings from the interviews management practices including leadership and various components of HRM were functioning well but fragmentation was evident due to the challenging nature of the aged care sector.
To address the significant burden of MSDs in the aged care sector, policies and procedures need to include coverage of psychosocial and physical workplace factors. The development of systematic and integrated OHS management at the workplace level may play an important role in the effective management of MSDs.
This study offers insights into the previously unexplored area of MSD risk management and the role of management practices such as HRM in the aged care sector.
This project is funded by WorkSafe Victoria, through the Institute for Safety, Compensation and Recovery Research. Ethics approval was obtained from the La Trobe University Human Research Ethics Committee, approval number FHEC13/035.
Oakman, J. and Bartram, T. (2017), "Occupational health and safety management practices and musculoskeletal disorders in aged care: Are policy, practice and research evidence aligned?", Journal of Health Organization and Management, Vol. 31 No. 3, pp. 331-346. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHOM-03-2017-0061
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