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Perceptions of future hospital management in Finland

Vuokko Pihlainen (Department of Social and Health Management, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland) (Central Finland Health Care District, Jyväskylä, Finland)
Tuula Kivinen (Department of Health and Social Management, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)
Johanna Lammintakanen (Department of Health and Social Management, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland)

Journal of Health Organization and Management

ISSN: 1477-7266

Article publication date: 16 August 2019

Issue publication date: 4 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe how Finnish experts perceive future (year 2030) hospital management and leadership.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 33 experts participated in a three-round Argument Delphi process. Opposing views of management and leadership in 2030 were analyzed using inductive content analysis.

Findings

The experts’ perceptions were divided into two main categories: management and leadership orientation and future organization. Perceptions relating to management and leadership orientation were classified as relating to patient-centred, clinical dominance, professionally divided and management career options. Perceptions relating to future management and leadership organization were classified as representing shared, pair, team and the individual-centered leadership. The results highlighted the most distinctive issues raised by the participants.

Research limitations/implications

This qualitative study was conducted in the context of Finnish healthcare according to the principles of the Argument Delphi Method. The panel consisted of high-level experts representing a diverse set of roles. However, as suggested in previous literature, these experts may not be the most astute in predicting the future development of hospital organizations.

Practical implications

The findings can be used to develop and renew management and leadership training and management practices in hospitals.

Social implications

The findings can be exploited in discussions, planning and decision making regarding future management and leadership in hospitals.

Originality/value

Only a few studies have investigated perceptions of future management in hospitals. This study adopted the Argument Delphi Method to identify distinct perceptions on the future orientation and organization of management and leadership in hospitals.

Keywords

Citation

Pihlainen, V., Kivinen, T. and Lammintakanen, J. (2019), "Perceptions of future hospital management in Finland", Journal of Health Organization and Management, Vol. 33 No. 5, pp. 530-546. https://doi.org/10.1108/JHOM-02-2018-0045

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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