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Interest rate liberalization and economic growth nexus: does corruption matter?

Abdulhadi Aliyara Haruna (Department of Economics, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)
Abu Sufian Abu Bakar (School of Economics, Finance, and Banking, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)

Journal of Financial Crime

ISSN: 1359-0790

Article publication date: 2 May 2020

Issue publication date: 5 August 2021

232

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the impact of interest rate liberalization on economic growth and the relevance of corruption in the five selected sub-Saharan African countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used the modified version of Driscoll and Kraay’s model by Hoechle, which solved the effects of cross-sectional dependence and heteroscedasticity.

Findings

The findings reveal a positive impact of the index on economic growth, and it was found that foreign direct investment (FDI) and credit to private sector by banks (CPSB) all stimulate economic growth. The interaction terms of corruption with FDI and CPSB indicate negative effects that show how corruption erodes the benefits of liberalization. Finally, the paper recommends the pursuit of appropriate policies with the sole aim of eradicating corruption and providing a conducive environment for business.

Originality/value

The paper developed a composite domestic financial liberalization index to capture the timing and essential dimensions of the reform process. The study investigates the effect of interest rate liberalization on economic growth and the relevance of corruption. Most of the recent and past studies only examined the impact of interest rate reforms on growth without investigating the relevance of corruption.

Keywords

Citation

Haruna, A.A. and Abu Bakar, A.S. (2021), "Interest rate liberalization and economic growth nexus: does corruption matter?", Journal of Financial Crime, Vol. 28 No. 3, pp. 906-925. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFC-02-2020-0029

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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