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The residence permit for third-country nationals who are victims of human trafficking: A double-face instrument between compliance strategy and protection of human rights

Alessandra Pera (Department of Political Science and International Relationships, University of Palermo , Palermo, Italy)

Journal of Financial Crime

ISSN: 1359-0790

Article publication date: 2 May 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the present study is to explore institutional design strategies that promote compliance by regulating peculiar sorts of agents, namely, human trafficking victims, starting from the point of view that institutions assume addressee virtue, but instead should consider the hypothesis of non-compliance or that the measures adopted reveal their inefficiency to satisfy the goals they were thought for, or that they are applied to obtain scopes, which are different from the ones they were conceived for.

Design/methodology/approach

Different methodological approaches, both deductive and inductive, are combined in the present paper, together with comparative and philosophical insights on national court decisions, scholarly writings, national and international entities’ official reports and statistics.

Findings

Because EU member states’ experts are discussing about common guidelines, policies and standards to manage migration fluxes and EU integration process, this study highlights some critical points arising from the specific condition of a peculiar human trafficking victim: a migrant.

Originality/value

The study offers insights into the possible answers in terms of awarding prize to and humanitarian protection of victims to fight human trafficking and smuggling in a constructive way, emphasising that these instruments (awarding and humanitarian) are not mutually exclusive and can be mixed together.

Keywords

Citation

Pera, A. (2017), "The residence permit for third-country nationals who are victims of human trafficking: A double-face instrument between compliance strategy and protection of human rights", Journal of Financial Crime, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 347-361. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFC-02-2016-0014

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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