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The implications of national blockchain infrastructure for financial crime

Marcus Smith (Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security, Charles Sturt University, Canberra, Australia)
Milind Tiwari (Australian Graduate School of Policing and Security, Charles Sturt University, Canberra, Australia)

Journal of Financial Crime

ISSN: 1359-0790

Article publication date: 16 June 2023

Issue publication date: 12 March 2024

293

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explain the implications of the impending establishment of national blockchain infrastructure by governments around the world, and how these structures can be integrated with existing legislation and assist in the prevention of financial crime.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology used is a literature review and analysis of progress being made to establish national blockchain infrastructure. It provides a discussion of the connection between blockchain and financial crime, and how this infrastructure will interact with existing regulatory frameworks, and particularly, financial crime legislation.

Findings

This paper documents financial crime risks posed by digital currencies and smart contracts and the role that national blockchain infrastructure can potentially play in mitigating these risks. It highlights the need for governments to devote resources to developing this infrastructure and associated regulatory frameworks.

Originality/value

There are few, if any, academic papers in the financial crime, or wider literature, that have examined the potential for national blockchain infrastructures prevent financial crime, including the implications for existing regulation in the field.

Keywords

Citation

Smith, M. and Tiwari, M. (2024), "The implications of national blockchain infrastructure for financial crime", Journal of Financial Crime, Vol. 31 No. 2, pp. 236-248. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFC-01-2023-0006

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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