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The impact of family business brand trust and crisis management practices on customer purchase intention during Covid-19

Ourania Gkouna (International Hellenic University, Department of Organisation Management, Marketing and Tourism, Thessaloniki, Greece)
Georgios Tsekouropoulos (International Hellenic University, Department of Organisation Management, Marketing and Tourism, Thessaloniki, Greece)
Dimitrios Theocharis (International Hellenic University, Department of Organisation Management, Marketing and Tourism, Thessaloniki, Greece)
Greta Hoxha (International Hellenic University, Department of Organisation Management, Marketing and Tourism, Thessaloniki, Greece)
Athanasios Gounas (International Hellenic University, Department of Organisation Management, Marketing and Tourism, Thessaloniki, Greece)

Journal of Family Business Management

ISSN: 2043-6238

Article publication date: 15 September 2022

Issue publication date: 2 March 2023

756

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of consumers' brand trust in family businesses and the impact of crisis management practices on customer purchase intention during the period of Covid-19.

Design/methodology/approach

This is a primary quantitative research on a sample of 817 consumers who bought products from 20 food and beverage family companies. Simple random sampling was used to collect the primary data. Data collection was made with the use of questionnaires. The questionnaires were developed based on previous studies and were tested in terms of reliability and validity.

Findings

The research findings indicate, among others, that there is a positive significant relationship between brand trust and purchase intention. As a result, the higher the trust of the consumers in a family business brand name, the higher their intention to make purchases. Additionally, it was found that the higher the performance of family businesses on crisis management practices, the more the consumers intent to make purchases.

Research limitations/implications

Nonetheless, there are some limitations in the current research. First, the research sample consists of companies and consumers from a specific location, which can create issues regarding the generalization of the findings. Thus, to ensure improved research implications, a future research should include sample units from different locations and countries in order to reinforce the research findings and enable comparisons and more easily generalized outcomes. Moreover, a future research could assess additional factors that potentially affect purchase intention within a family business environment. Factors such as human resources and the relationship between customers and companies as well as communication and promotional efforts will allow the creation of a more stable and holistic framework and the prediction of consumer behavior. This potential follow-up research will further contribute to the theoretical argumentation of the findings and highlight the connection among purchase intention, trust and crisis managements practices within the family business environment.

Practical implications

Regarding the managerial and practical implications, the research outcomes can lead to specific strategies related to brand trust and crisis management practices. Specifically, family companies should invest on their brand name and their relationship with the consumers by reinforcing any action which can potentially affect the trust of the consumers. This could be realized by providing a safe purchase environment according to health and safety standards and through their response strategy and adaptability to the current pandemic conditions through the use of crisis management practices. Finally, a practical response to social and physical distancing measures would increase brand trust, and the performance on crisis management practices could also lead to sufficient financial outcomes since all these factors positively affect consumers' purchase intention.

Originality/value

The outbreak of the pandemic directly affected the profitability but also the viability of companies, regardless of industry. In particular, the impact that the pandemic had on family businesses, financially, organizationally and operationally, was massive and in many cases, catastrophic. Several studies have focused on family businesses, analyzing their structure, advantages and disadvantages. However, in these studies, there is little focus on the brand's influence on consumer behavior and market intention, especially compared to nonfamily businesses and under unique circumstances such as those of a pandemic.

Keywords

Citation

Gkouna, O., Tsekouropoulos, G., Theocharis, D., Hoxha, G. and Gounas, A. (2023), "The impact of family business brand trust and crisis management practices on customer purchase intention during Covid-19", Journal of Family Business Management, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 87-100. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFBM-03-2022-0046

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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