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Do global sentiment shocks spillover towards emerging and frontier markets?

Mobeen Ur Rehman (Informetrics Research Group, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam)
Nicholas Apergis (School of Business, Law and Social Sciences, Athens, Greece) (University of Derby, Derby, UK)

Journal of Economic Studies

ISSN: 0144-3585

Article publication date: 28 February 2020

Issue publication date: 6 May 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the impact of sentiment shocks based on US investor sentiments, bearish and bullish market conditions. Earlier studies, though very few, only consider the effect of investor sentiments on stock returns of emerging frontier Asian (EFA) markets.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses the application of regime switching model because of its capability to explore time-varying causality across different regimes unlike traditional linear models. The Markov regime switching model uses regime switching probabilities for capturing the potential asymmetries or non-linearity in a model, in this study’s case, thereby adjusting investor sentiments shocks to stock market returns.

Findings

The results of the Markov regime switching method suggests that US sentiment, bullish and bearish market shocks act as a main contributors for inducing variation in EFA stock market returns. The study’s non-parametric robustness results highlight an asymmetric relationship across the mean series, whereas a symmetric relationship across variance series. The study also reports Thailand as the most sensitive market to global sentiment shocks.

Research limitations/implications

The sensitivity of the EFA markets to these global sentiment shocks highlights their sensitivity and implications for investors relying merely on returns correlation and spillover. These findings also suggest that spillover from developed to emerging and frontier equity markets only in the form of returns following traditional linear models may not be appropriate.

Practical implications

This paper supports the behavioral aspect of investors and resultant spillover from developed market sentiments to emerging and frontier market returns across international equity markets offering more rational justification for an irrational behavior.

Originality/value

The study’s motivation to use the application of regime switching models is because of its capability to explore time-varying causality across different regimes unlike traditional linear models. The Markov regime switching model uses regime switching probabilities for capturing the potential asymmetries or non-linearity in a model, in the study’s case, thereby adjusting investor sentiments shocks to stock market returns. It is also useful of the adjustment attributable to exogenous events.

Keywords

Citation

Rehman, M.U. and Apergis, N. (2020), "Do global sentiment shocks spillover towards emerging and frontier markets?", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 47 No. 3, pp. 433-465. https://doi.org/10.1108/JES-12-2018-0418

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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