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Expected corruption and business formation

Noel Campbell (EFIRM, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, Arkansas, USA)
Adriana S. Cordis (Johnson College of Business and Economics, University of South Carolina Upstate, Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA)

Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy

ISSN: 2045-2101

Article publication date: 14 October 2014




The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether public corruption influences entrepreneurial activity in the USA. Because the true underlying level of corruption is inherently unobservable, it cannot be factored into business venturing decisions. The authors hypothesize, therefore, that new business venturing should be related to the expected corruption level.


The authors follow Cordis (2009) to calculate the expected rate of public corruption given observed levels of public corruption. The authors embed the expected level of corruption in a relatively standard model of business venturing, which the authors estimate using a cross section of the US states covering the period of 1986-2009.


Using a relatively standard model of business venturing that accounts for variation in predicted corruption levels, the authors find that entrepreneurs launch more businesses in states with higher predicted corruption.


To the knowledge, no one has previously tested the impact of expected corruption on entrepreneurial activity.



Campbell, N. and S. Cordis, A. (2014), "Expected corruption and business formation", Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 292-305.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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