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Sharia venture capital as financing alternative of Muslim entrepreneurs: Opportunities, challenges and future research directions

Ah. Fathonih (Faculty of Sharia and Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia)
Grisna Anggadwita (School of Economics and Business, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia)
Sadudin Ibraimi (South East European University, Tetovo, Macedonia)

Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy

ISSN: 1750-6204

Article publication date: 12 April 2019

Issue publication date: 12 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Muslim entrepreneurs face various obstacles when starting their business, especially in gaining access to financing. Some financing practices have some Sharia violations, so this paper tries to explore the opportunities and challenges of one financing alternative for Muslim entrepreneurship development in Indonesia that fully complies with Sharia principles. This paper aims to further understand the concept of venture capital and how it relates to Islamic teachings, and the paper ends with the suggestion for future research direction.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses qualitative methods with descriptive and exploratory analysis. A case study approach using semi-structured in-depth interviews with several key informants were conducted to identify the opportunities and challenges for Muslim entrepreneurs in gaining access to Islamic financing. Various literary syntheses are also provided to better understand alternative financing for business development of Muslim entrepreneurs.

Findings

Muslim entrepreneurship, depending on their goals and needs in obtaining financing, uses different models in the process of agreements with capital-funding institutions based on Sharia principles. Sharia venture capital is one alternative financing that gives freedom for Muslim entrepreneurs to develop their business based on the Islamic system, without thinking about the requirements that must be met in obtaining access to the financing. However, it seems that this scheme still has relatively low interest, especially from Muslim entrepreneurs because they do not know the information and procedures of Sharia venture capital.

Practical implications

Some policy implications include increasing capital from Sharia venture capital institutions, the role of the government in providing adequate policy support and incentives and broader socialization and education about the existence and importance of developing Sharia venture capital. Practical implications include useful information for Muslim entrepreneurs to address financing issues in their entrepreneurial activities and suggest insights for future research.

Originality/value

This study provides the link of financial access for Muslim entrepreneurs to Sharia venture capital as a new financing business innovation. Thus, it contributes to the literature on Sharia venture capital and Muslim entrepreneurship. The authors also propose some useful recommendations for further research in this field.

Keywords

Citation

Fathonih, A., Anggadwita, G. and Ibraimi, S. (2019), "Sharia venture capital as financing alternative of Muslim entrepreneurs: Opportunities, challenges and future research directions", Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 333-352. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEC-11-2018-0090

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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