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Limited edition packaging: objectives, implementations and related marketing mix decisions of a scarcity product tactic

Krisztina Rita Dörnyei (Department of Marketing and Tourism, International Business School, Budapest, Hungary)

Journal of Consumer Marketing

ISSN: 0736-3761

Article publication date: 24 June 2020

Issue publication date: 21 August 2020

3516

Abstract

Purpose

Marketing practitioners consider packaging as a promising marketing tool, but current academic research covers mostly regular packages. Filling this gap, this paper aims to analyze why and how companies use limited edition packaging (LEP), which is defined as a scarcity product tactic, using the package exclusively to create a limited offer.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopted a grounded theory methodology and used a qualitative collective case study design by analyzing 175 LEP launches in the beverage sector between 2000 and 2019.

Findings

The empirical-based conceptualization of LEP tactics provided here describes the crucial marketing dimensions in which strategic decisions are made regarding objective of release, implementation and related marketing mix decisions. Results show that LEP tactics serve parallel brands, sales and product strategy-related goals; LEPs are characterized by intensity, theme (occasion) and design characteristics, such as typicality, and marketers use various marketing mix combinations (i.e., pricing, distribution and advertising) in relation to the LEP offer.

Originality/value

To the best of author’s knowledge, it is the first conceptualization of this special type of scarcity tactic. This study also assists academics by providing an agenda for future research in this domain.

Keywords

Citation

Dörnyei, K.R. (2020), "Limited edition packaging: objectives, implementations and related marketing mix decisions of a scarcity product tactic", Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 37 No. 6, pp. 617-627. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCM-03-2019-3105

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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