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The effects of perceived organisational support and affective commitment on turnover intention: A test of two competing models

Yui-Woon Wong (Lee Shau Kee School of Business and Administration, Open University, Hong Kong)
Yui-tim Wong (Department of Management, Lingnan University, Hong Kong)

Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management

ISSN: 2040-8005

Article publication date: 8 May 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

China is experiencing a double-digit turnover rate and high turnover intention. This research aims to explore the relationships of turnover intention, perceived organisational support (POS) and affective commitment in China.

Design/methodology/approach

Turnover intention and its antecedents, including POS, affective commitment, distributive justice, trust in organisation and job security, were studied in this research with a case study of a foreign-invested enterprise (FIE) manufacturing company in Guangdong of China. Based on the literature, two competing models were developed and investigated by using the technique of structural equation modelling.

Findings

The results suggest that distributive justice, trust in organisation and job security have negative impacts on turnover intention. Moreover, affective commitment mediates the impact of job security on turnover intention. The results also indicate that POS has an impact on affective commitment instead of affecting turnover intention directly. In addition, POS and affective commitment mediate the impacts of both distributive justice and trust in organisation on turnover intention.

Research limitations/implications

The scale of turnover intention used in this study only shows the employee’s intention to quit an organisation. It does not reveal their subsequent actual turnover. This study has research implications. It enhances our understanding of the relationships among POS, affective commitment and turnover intention of Chinese employees in FIEs.

Practical implications

The findings of this study provide the management of organisations in China with a better understanding of how to facilitate human resources management so as to lower employee turnover intention.

Originality/value

Inconsistent research findings have been reported about the relationships among turnover intention, POS and affective commitment in previous studies. The results of this study clarify all these relationships in Chinese FIEs.

Keywords

Citation

Wong, Y.-W. and Wong, Y.-t. (2017), "The effects of perceived organisational support and affective commitment on turnover intention: A test of two competing models", Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management, Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 2-21. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCHRM-01-2017-0001

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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