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Affirmative action policy in admissions system of higher education of post-Soviet Georgia

Shalva Tabatadze (Centre for Civil Integration and Inter-Ethnic Relations, Tbilisi, Georgia) (East European University, Tblisi, Georgia)
Natia Gorgadze (Centre for Civil Integration and Inter-Ethnic Relations, Tbilisi, Georgia)

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education

ISSN: 2050-7003

Article publication date: 3 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore affirmative action policy in higher education (HE) admissions in post-Soviet Georgia.

Design/methodology/approach

The study analyzed the effectiveness of the quota system from the perspective of the “minority rights protection” and “diversity” paradigms. The study used content analysis, focus group discussions, and interviews research methods.

Findings

Research revealed several important patterns: the problems of minority education are associated with academic achievements as well as social integration; although the importance of diversity is evident in the Government of Georgia, the benefits of diversity are not realized fully through affirmative action policies in institutions of HE. The authors have argued that the shift from the “minority rights protection” to the “diversity” paradigm is necessary to solve minority students’ existing problems and to benefit from the positive effects of diversity on academic and democratic outcomes for all students.

Practical implications

The findings of this study have practical importance. They can be used for the implementation of the affirmative action policy in HE admissions system of Georgia.

Originality/value

The paper is based on original research conducted in Georgia and the study contributes to the development of the field of multicultural and minority education in Georgia.

Keywords

Citation

Tabatadze, S. and Gorgadze, N. (2017), "Affirmative action policy in admissions system of higher education of post-Soviet Georgia", Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 363-377. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-03-2016-0020

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited