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Pro-gender policies and the empowerment of women in the DRC

Christian Lukineyo Joshi (Département de Sciences économiques, Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, Saint-Louis, Senegal) (Département des Sciences économiques, Université de l'UELE, Isiro, Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Helene Maisonnave (Université Le Havre Normandie, Le Havre, France)
Robert Luanda Baroki (Catholic University La Sapientia of Goma, Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo)
Anastasie Bulumba Mariam (Partnership for Economic Policy, Nairobi, Kenya)

Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2044-0839

Article publication date: 3 March 2023

Issue publication date: 29 January 2024

104

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to show how pro-gender public policies in the agricultural sectors can contribute to the reduction of gender inequalities in the labour market and the diversification of the Congolese economy.

Design/methodology/approach

Computable general equilibrium model that has been adapted to the Congolese economy from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)'s SAM.

Findings

The results reveal that policies of increasing women's land allocation and government cash transfers to rural female households contribute to the reduction of inequalities in the labour market. However, only the policy of increasing women’s land allocation improves economic diversification.

Research limitations/implications

The implementation of the policy of government cash transfers to rural women's households comes at a cost to the government. Future studies to look at the most effective mode of financing for this policy. Moreover, the policy of increasing women's land allocation is feasible in the DRC as there is a lot of unused arable land available.

Social implications

In Pillar 1 of the National Strategic Development Plan (PNSD) on Economic Diversification and Transformation, the policy of increasing land allocation to women could be added to the objectives related to strengthening the contribution of agriculture to economic growth and employment creation. In Pillar 3 of the PNSD on Social Development and Human Resource Development, the policy of increasing land allocation to women as well as the policy of increasing government transfers to female rural households could be added to the objectives related to the promotion of employment of youth, women and vulnerable groups.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study of its kind for the DRC, which highlights the impact of pro-gender policies on women's employment, particularly in the agricultural sectors and in the diversification of the Congolese economy. This study contributes to policy orientation in DRC. The two policies (increasing land allocation to women and cash transfers to rural women) analysed in this study were chosen in light of the DRC's National Strategic Plan, the first phase of which focuses on promoting employment for vulnerable groups and economic diversification through the development of agricultural sectors.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This article is the result of a study funded by the Partnership for Economic Policy under the PAGE (Policy Analysis on Growth and Employment) programme, with the support from the IDRC.

Citation

Joshi, C.L., Maisonnave, H., Baroki, R.L. and Mariam, A.B. (2024), "Pro-gender policies and the empowerment of women in the DRC", Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 44-59. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-01-2022-0016

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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