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HRD practices, employee competencies and organizational effectiveness: role of organizational learning culture

Rama Krishna Gupta Potnuru (School of Management Studies, GIET University, Gunupur, India)
Chandan Kumar Sahoo (School of Management, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, Rourkela, India)
Kalyan Chakravarthy Parle (School of Management, Centurion University of Technology and Management, Paralakhemundi, India)

Journal of Asia Business Studies

ISSN: 1558-7894

Article publication date: 12 February 2021

Issue publication date: 8 June 2021




This paper aims to examine the moderating role of organizational learning culture (OLC) on the relationship between human resource development (HRD) practices and employee competencies (EC) in enhancing organizational effectiveness (OE).


An integrated research model of HRD practices, EC, OE and OLC was developed. The validity of the model is tested by applying structural equation modelling (SEM) approach to data collected from 506 employees working in 4 medium-size cement manufacturing companies.


The results confirmed that training and career development had a significant impact on EC, the moderating effect of OLC on the relationship between HRD practices and EC was found significant and there is a significant and positive relationship between EC and employee perceived OE.


This paper contributes to the HRD literature, integrating HRD practices, OLC and EC. The research is unique as it has applied moderated SEM to test hypotheses of the study.



The author Rama Krishna Gupta Potnuru would like to express his earnest appreciation to his loving parents Mr Sasi Bhushan Rao P. and Mrs Uma Devi P. and his wife Mrs Swathi and children P. Purnima Gupta and P. Rutvika Gupta for their inspiration, unconditional love, patience and cooperation at every stage of his personal and academic life, which has facilitated the author to publish this research.


Potnuru, R.K.G., Sahoo, C.K. and Parle, K.C. (2021), "HRD practices, employee competencies and organizational effectiveness: role of organizational learning culture", Journal of Asia Business Studies, Vol. 15 No. 3, pp. 401-419.



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