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Caged, helpless but not bored: consumption values derived from over-the-top platforms during pandemic

Shalini Talwar (S. P. Jain Institute of Management and Research, Mumbai, India)
Puneet Kaur (Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway) (Jaipuria Institute of Management, Lucknow, India) (Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa)
Sushant Kumar (Indian Institute of Management Raipur, Raipur, India)
Michel Laroche (John Molson School of Business, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada)
Amandeep Dhir (Department of Management, School of Business and Law, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway) (Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa) (Norwegian School of Hotel Management, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway)

Information Technology & People

ISSN: 0959-3845

Article publication date: 9 February 2023

Issue publication date: 9 January 2024




The use of over-the-top (OTT) platforms grew substantially after the declaration of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. With the pandemic receding, there is a concern that users may not continue with their subscriptions. To counter this, OTT service providers must strategize proactively to retain and acquire new users once the pandemic abates. Positing that understanding the consumption values that users ascribe to OTT platform usage can provide useful customer retention insights, the purpose of this paper is to use the theory of consumption value (TCV) to study the values that users derived from their use of OTT following the onset of the pandemic.


The mixed-method approach is used to collect qualitative and quantitative data. Analysis of qualitative responses collected through interviews of 12 current OTT platform users helped identify two categories of OTT platform-specific values: attribute-level and benefit-based. Next, the study examined the association of values thus identified with one another, as well as with continued intentions to use OTT platforms, by analyzing data collected from 371 existing users.


The findings indicated that functional value quality and social value, representing the attribute-level values, were positively associated with two benefit-based values – functional value price and emotional value (EMV). Next, EMV was not only associated with intentions but also partially mediated the association of attribute-level values with intentions. Premium subscription purchased and increased viewing time were confirmed to have moderating effects on the association between attribute-level and benefit-based values.


The study is amongst the foremost research initiatives to examine consumption values derived from OTT platform usage after the onset of the pandemic. Its novelty also comes from its identifying OTT platform-specific consumption values for the first time and adding a new dimension to the TCV by examining the interplay of these values in the OTT platform context.



Talwar, S., Kaur, P., Kumar, S., Laroche, M. and Dhir, A. (2024), "Caged, helpless but not bored: consumption values derived from over-the-top platforms during pandemic", Information Technology & People, Vol. 37 No. 1, pp. 422-448.



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