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Community-based evaluation in online communities: Considering the materiality of (making) “best practice”

Juliane Jarke (Department of Informatics/Mathematics, University of Bremen , Bremen, Germany) (Institute for Information Management Bremen, University of Bremen , Bremen, Germany) (Centre for Media, Communication and Information Research, University of Bremen , Bremen, Germany)

Information Technology & People

ISSN: 0959-3845

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

The idea of “best practice” is very much built into information systems and the ways in which they organise and structure work. The purpose of this paper is to examine how “best practice” may be identified (produced) through a community-based evaluation process as opposed to traditional expert-based evaluation frameworks. The paper poses the following research questions: how does “best practice” (e)valuation in online communities differ depending on whether they are produced by community members or experts? And what role play these two practices of valuation for online community performance?

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on a three-year ethnographic study of a large-scale online community initiative run by the European Commission. Participant observation of online and offline activities (23 events) was complemented with 73 semi-structured interviews with 58 interviewees. The paper draws on Science and Technology Studies, and in particular actor-network theory.

Findings

Promoting the idea of “best practice” is not just an exercise about determining what “best” is but rather supposes that best is something that can travel across sites and be replicated. The paper argues that it is crucial to understand the work performed to coordinate multiple practices of producing “best practice” as apparatuses of valuation. Hence if practices are shared or circulate within an online community, this is possible because of material-discursive practices of dissociation and association, through agential cuts. These cuts demarcate what is important – and foregrounded – and what is backgrounded. In so doing new “practice objects” are produced.

Research limitations/implications

The research was conducted in the European public sector where participants are not associated through shared organisational membership (e.g. as employees of the same organisation). An environment for determining “best practice” that is limited to an organisation’s employees and more homogeneous may reveal further dynamics for “best practice” production.

Practical implications

This paper sheds light on why it is so difficult to reach commensuration in crowd-sourced environments.

Originality/value

The paper provides an analysis of how online community members collaborate in order to identify relevant and meaningful user-generated content. It argues that “best practice” is produced through a process of commensuration.

Keywords

Citation

Jarke, J. (2017), "Community-based evaluation in online communities: Considering the materiality of (making) “best practice”", Information Technology & People, Vol. 30 No. 2, pp. 371-395. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITP-03-2015-0046

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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