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A vision-based fully-automatic calibration method for hand-eye serial robot

Haixia Wang (Key Laboratory for Robot & Intelligent Technology of Shandong Province, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China)
Xiao Lu (Key Laboratory for Robot & Intelligent Technology of Shandong Province, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China)
Zhanyi Hu (National Laboratory of Pattern Recognition, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China)
Yuxia Li (Key Laboratory for Robot & Intelligent Technology of Shandong Province, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China)

Industrial Robot

ISSN: 0143-991x

Article publication date: 19 January 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a fully automatic calibration method for hand-eye serial robot system is presented in this paper. The so-called “fully automatic” is meant to calibrate the robot body, the hand-eye relation, and the used measuring binocular system at the same time.

Design/methodology/approach

The calibration is done by controlling the joints to rotate several times one by one in the reverse order (i.e. from the last one to the first one), and simultaneously take pictures of the checkerboard patterns by the stereo camera system attached on the end-effector, then the whole robot system can be calibrated automatically from these captured images. In addition, a nonlinear optimization step is used to further refine the calibration results.

Findings

The proposed method is essentially based on an improved screw axis identification method, and it needs only a mirror and some paper checkerboard patterns without resorting to any additional costly measuring instrument.

Originality/value

Simulations and real experiments on MOTOMAN-UP6 robot system demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (61273197, 61473177), the Science Research Foundation for the Excellent Middle-Aged and Youth Scientists of Shandong Province (BS2012DX031), the Applied Fundamental Research of Qingdao (14-2-4-19-jch), Huangdao District Science and Technology Project (2014-1-33), SDUST Research Fund (2011KYTD105) and “Taishan Scholarship” Construction Engineering.

Citation

Wang, H., Lu, X., Hu, Z. and Li, Y. (2015), "A vision-based fully-automatic calibration method for hand-eye serial robot", Industrial Robot, Vol. 42 No. 1, pp. 64-73. https://doi.org/10.1108/IR-06-2014-0352

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited