Comparison of ethical and conventional portfolios with second-order stochastic dominance efficiency test

Oktay Tas (Department of Management Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey)
Kaya Tokmakcioglu (Department of Management Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey)
Umut Ugurlu (Department of Management Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey)
Murat Isiker (Department of Management, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim Universitesi, Istanbul, Turkey)

International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management

ISSN: 1753-8394

Publication date: 14 November 2016

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to compare two groups of stocks to analyze the efficiency of an ethical portfolio in comparison with a conventional portfolio.

Design/methodology/approach

Efficiency test by second-order stochastic dominance (SSD) approach is applied on two groups, which consist of 12 stocks. Ethical portfolio is chosen from the stocks complying with the participation banking rules. Conventional portfolio is selected from Borsa Istanbul (BIST) with choosing the corresponding stocks for each ethical stock according to the sector and market capitalization. All the stocks of both groups are pairwise SSD compared.

Findings

Both groups of 12 stocks are inefficient portfolios; however, a group of 7 stocks constitute an efficient ethical portfolio with the total weight of 50.82 per cent among the set of 12 ethical stocks. On the other hand, a group of 6 stocks constitute an efficient conventional portfolio, with the total weight of 45.16 per cent among the set of 12 conventional stocks. By pairwise SSD comparison of corresponding stocks from both groups, despite none of the conventional stocks dominate ethical stocks, four ethical stocks dominated the conventional ones.

Originality/value

Back-testing and comparison with benchmark BIST 100 Index have been done for the selected portfolios. According to back-testing results, groups of SSD efficient stocks outperformed the groups, from which they were selected. Furthermore, both SSD efficient portfolios have higher returns than benchmark index, BIST 100.

Keywords

Citation

Tas, O., Tokmakcioglu, K., Ugurlu, U. and Isiker, M. (2016), "Comparison of ethical and conventional portfolios with second-order stochastic dominance efficiency test", International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 492-511. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMEFM-11-2015-0133

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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