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Untangling operational performance implication of ambidextrous blockchain initiatives: an empirical investigation of Chinese manufacturers

Ying Kei Tse (Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK)
Shiyun Wang (Business School, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China)
Xiaohong Liu (Business School, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China)
Chun Ho Wu (Department of Supply Chain and Information Management, The Hang Seng University of Hong Kong, Shatin New Territories, Hong Kong)

Industrial Management & Data Systems

ISSN: 0263-5577

Article publication date: 12 December 2022

37

Abstract

Purpose

Blockchain has been considered as a disruptive technology and every industry stands to benefit from it. According to Deloitte, increasing number of managers claim that their firms will suffer loss in competitive advantage if they do not adopt blockchain. Despite this motivation, insufficient knowledge on how can blockchain add value inhibits the commitment to its adoption. To better understand the possible influence of blockchain, two dimensions (exploitation and exploration) of blockchain initiatives are distinguished. This research aims to examine the impact of ambidextrous blockchain initiatives on firms' operational efficiency, as well as the moderating role of unabsorbed slack and environmental munificence.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, secondary panel data were collected from multiple sources to test the proposed hypotheses. Content analysis was adopted to operationalise ambidextrous blockchain initiatives from firms' official announcements.

Findings

The authors find that firms' ambidexterity in blockchain initiatives have significantly positive impact on operational efficiency. Furthermore, when firms have lower unabsorbed slack or in more munificent environments, they may benefit from managing a balance between exploration and exploitation.

Originality/value

This research offers some insightful theoretical and managerial implications of ambidextrous blockchain initiatives. The findings of this study contribute to blockchain literature by providing theory-driven empirical research.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (72071221).

Citation

Tse, Y.K., Wang, S., Liu, X. and Wu, C.H. (2022), "Untangling operational performance implication of ambidextrous blockchain initiatives: an empirical investigation of Chinese manufacturers", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMDS-05-2022-0298

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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