Blockchain has been considered as a disruptive technology and every industry stands to benefit from it. According to Deloitte, increasing number of managers claim that their firms will suffer loss in competitive advantage if they do not adopt blockchain. Despite this motivation, insufficient knowledge on how can blockchain add value inhibits the commitment to its adoption. To better understand the possible influence of blockchain, two dimensions (exploitation and exploration) of blockchain initiatives are distinguished. This research aims to examine the impact of ambidextrous blockchain initiatives on firms' operational efficiency, as well as the moderating role of unabsorbed slack and environmental munificence.
In this paper, secondary panel data were collected from multiple sources to test the proposed hypotheses. Content analysis was adopted to operationalise ambidextrous blockchain initiatives from firms' official announcements.
The authors find that firms' ambidexterity in blockchain initiatives have significantly positive impact on operational efficiency. Furthermore, when firms have lower unabsorbed slack or in more munificent environments, they may benefit from managing a balance between exploration and exploitation.
This research offers some insightful theoretical and managerial implications of ambidextrous blockchain initiatives. The findings of this study contribute to blockchain literature by providing theory-driven empirical research.
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (72071221).
Tse, Y.K., Wang, S., Liu, X. and Wu, C.H. (2023), "Untangling operational performance implication of ambidextrous blockchain initiatives: an empirical investigation of Chinese manufacturers", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 123 No. 2, pp. 556-577. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMDS-05-2022-0298
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited