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Pattern-based dual learning for point-of-interest (POI) recommendation

Tipajin Thaipisutikul (Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan)
Yi-Cheng Chen (Information Management, National Central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan)

Industrial Management & Data Systems

ISSN: 0263-5577

Article publication date: 8 September 2020

Issue publication date: 9 October 2020



Tourism spot or point-of-interest (POI) recommendation has become a common service in people's daily life. The purpose of this paper is to model users' check-in history in order to predict a set of locations that a user may soon visit.


The authors proposed a novel learning-based method, the pattern-based dual learning POI recommendation system as a solution to consider users' interests and the uniformity of popular POI patterns when making recommendations. Differing from traditional long short-term memory (LSTM), a new users’ regularity–POIs’ popularity patterns long short-term memory (UP-LSTM) model was developed to concurrently combine the behaviors of a specific user and common users.


The authors introduced the concept of dual learning for POI recommendation. Several performance evaluations were conducted on real-life mobility data sets to demonstrate the effectiveness and practicability of POI recommendations. The metrics such as hit rate, precision, recall and F-measure were used to measure the capability of ranking and precise prediction of the proposed model over all baselines. The experimental results indicated that the proposed UP-LSTM model consistently outperformed the state-of-the-art models in all metrics by a large margin.


This study contributes to the existing literature by incorporating a novel pattern–based technique to analyze how the popularity of POIs affects the next move of a particular user. Also, the authors have proposed an effective fusing scheme to boost the prediction performance in the proposed UP-LSTM model. The experimental results and discussions indicate that the combination of the user's regularity and the POIs’ popularity patterns in PDLRec could significantly enhance the performance of POI recommendation.



Yi-Cheng Chen was supported in part by the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, under Projects No. MOST 108-2221-E-008-063-MY3 and MOST 109-2634-F-008-008.


Thaipisutikul, T. and Chen, Y.-C. (2020), "Pattern-based dual learning for point-of-interest (POI) recommendation", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 120 No. 10, pp. 1901-1921.



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