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Effects of geometrical parameters on thermohydrodynamic performance of a bearing operating with nanoparticle additive oil

Abdurrahim Dal (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Adana Alparslan Turkes Science and Technology University, Adana, Turkey)
Mahir Sahin (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Adana Alparslan Turkes Science and Technology University, Adana, Turkey)
Mustafa Kilic (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Adana Alparslan Turkes Science and Technology University, Adana, Turkey)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Article publication date: 1 February 2023

Issue publication date: 15 February 2023

159

Abstract

Purpose

Bearing performance characteristics, such as stiffness and load capacity, are related to the viscosity of the fluid circulating through the gap. Nanoparticle additives in lubricant are one way to enhance of the viscosity. This study aims to investigate the effect of nanoparticle additives on the thermohydrodynamic performance of journal bearing with different bearing parameters.

Design/methodology/approach

The temperature distribution is modeled using a three-dimensional energy equation. The velocity components are calculated on the pressure distribution governed by Dowson’s equation. Moreover, the heat transfer between the journal and lubricant is modeled with Fourier heat conduction equation. On the other hand, the viscosity equation is derived for Al2O3 nanoparticles as a function of the volume ratio and the temperature. An algorithm based on the finite difference method is developed, and a serial simulation is performed for different parameters and different volume ratio of nanoparticle.

Findings

With the increase in the nanoparticle volume ratio, the maximum temperature decreases for the lower clearance values, but the addition of the nanoparticle influence on the maximum temperature reverses when the clearance grows up. The nanoparticle additives increase further the maximum temperature for higher values of L/D ratios. Moreover, the effects of the nanoparticle additives on the pressure are stronger at high eccentricity ratios for all bearing parameters.

Originality/value

This paper provides valuable design parameters for journal bearing with lubricant containing the nanoparticle additives.

Keywords

Citation

Dal, A., Sahin, M. and Kilic, M. (2023), "Effects of geometrical parameters on thermohydrodynamic performance of a bearing operating with nanoparticle additive oil", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 75 No. 2, pp. 255-262. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-12-2022-0369

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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