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Antecedents and consequences of consumer ethnocentrism: evidence from South Africa

Chris Pentz (Business Management, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa)
Nic Terblanche (Business Management, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa)
Christo Boshoff (Business Management, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Article publication date: 18 April 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

Despite today’s globalised business world, there is a dearth of knowledge on the influence of consumer ethnocentrism on the purchasing behaviour of consumers in developing countries. The purpose of this paper is to investigate consumer ethnocentrism, its antecedents and consequences in a developing country (South Africa) and makes recommendations to firms wishing to do business in South Africa.

Design/methodology/approach

The study was conducted among a national sample of South African respondents using a structured questionnaire. The study is unique in that two samples were used, a sample of white and a sample of black respondents. By using two ethnically diverse samples, it was possible to investigate whether there are similarities and/or differences in terms of consumer ethnocentrism, its antecedents and consequences among two major ethnic groups in South Africa.

Findings

The findings suggest that the antecedents of cultural openness, patriotism, individualism and a history of oppression influence consumer ethnocentrism among both black and white South Africans. It was further established that the antecedent nationalism exerts an influence on consumer ethnocentrism among white South African consumers, but not among black South African consumers.

Practical implications

The results of the study are of value for South African firms as well as those further afield, when developing marketing strategies for the diverse consumer market in South Africa.

Originality/value

This study adds to the existing body of knowledge on consumer ethnocentrism in an emerging market, and more specifically, among different ethnic groups in the same country.

Keywords

Citation

Pentz, C., Terblanche, N. and Boshoff, C. (2017), "Antecedents and consequences of consumer ethnocentrism: evidence from South Africa", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 199-218. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJoEM-09-2015-0189

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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