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Value-at-risk and stock returns: evidence from India

Tariq Aziz (Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Studies and Research, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India)
Valeed Ahmad Ansari (Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Studies and Research, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India)

International Journal of Emerging Markets

ISSN: 1746-8809

Article publication date: 18 April 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of value-at-risk (VaR) in the cross-section of stock returns in the Indian stock market during the period 1999-2014.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper follows the methodology of Bali and Cakici (2004) to investigate the relationship between VaR and stock returns and employs Fama and French’s (1993) and Fama and Macbeth’s (1973) methods to find out the predictive power of VaR in time-series and cross-section settings. Further, it follows Fama and French (2008) to estimate separate cross-section regressions for small, medium and big stocks to verify the pervasiveness of the anomaly.

Findings

This study finds positive risk premium associated with VaR in the Indian stock market during 2001-2008, the period of short selling constraint for institutional investors. This premium is confined to small stocks and low institutional holdings. The positive premium can be attributed to short selling constraints.

Practical implications

The risk-return tradeoff can be utilized by investors and fund managers. As it is confined to small stocks, transaction costs may affect the profitability of the investment strategy.

Originality/value

The study contributes to the scanty empirical literature on the role of VaR in the cross-section of expected stock returns. Moreover, this is the first study that explores the relationship between VaR and stock returns in the asset pricing context for the Indian stock market.

Keywords

Citation

Aziz, T. and Ansari, V.A. (2017), "Value-at-risk and stock returns: evidence from India", International Journal of Emerging Markets, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 384-399. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJoEM-04-2015-0076

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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