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Health and wellness of Canadian commercial motor vehicle drivers: Stakeholders perspectives for action

Alexander Crizzle (School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada)
Maryam Madani Larijani (School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada)
Anita Myers (School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada)
Cassondra McCrory (School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada)
Pierre Thiffault (Transport Canada, Ottawa, Canada)
Philip Bigelow (School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada) (Institute of Work and Health, Toronto, Canada)

International Journal of Workplace Health Management

ISSN: 1753-8351

Article publication date: 17 September 2018

Issue publication date: 11 October 2018

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to solicit perspectives from stakeholders concerning health, environmental and operational challenges among Commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers in Canada (truck and bus drivers).

Design/methodology/approach

Two focus groups and one interview were conducted with key industry, government and advocacy groups representing or working with CMV drivers. Perspectives pertaining to working conditions, health issues, driver recruitment and retention, and other key issues in the CMV sector were obtained.

Findings

The findings show that undesirable working conditions are primary issues that impact recruitment and retention, as well as health and wellness (H&W), and productivity of drivers in both the truck and bus sectors. Compared to our US counterparts, finding parking areas and rest stops were seen as a major issue for Canadian truckers (particularly in the north). Unfortunately, there is limited or out-dated information on drivers and companies in Canada. Stakeholders stated the need for more information from both carriers/companies and from drivers themselves (particularly long-haul drivers).

Research limitations/implications

This study identifies gaps and key priority research areas pertaining to the H&W of the CMV sector in Canada that require further investigation.

Originality/value

CMV drivers are considered a vulnerable sector of the population. While drivers themselves have reported on undesirable work conditions leading to poor health, prior studies have not assessed the awareness or perspective of stakeholders involved in the CMV sector. This is the first study to capture stakeholder perspectives of the working conditions and health outcomes of CMV drivers.

Keywords

Citation

Crizzle, A., Madani Larijani, M., Myers, A., McCrory, C., Thiffault, P. and Bigelow, P. (2018), "Health and wellness of Canadian commercial motor vehicle drivers: Stakeholders perspectives for action", International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 11 No. 5, pp. 319-332. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJWHM-04-2018-0041

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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