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Emotional intelligence and job performance: the role of psychological well-being

Dwayne Devonish (Department of Management Studies, University of West Indies, Bridgetown, Barbados)

International Journal of Workplace Health Management

ISSN: 1753-8351

Article publication date: 7 November 2016

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to test the mediating roles of two dimensions of psychological well-being (job satisfaction and work-related depression) in the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and task performance, individual-targeted citizenship behaviours (OCB-I) and organisation-targeted citizenship behaviours (OCB-O).

Design/methodology/approach

This survey study of 262 employees in a small island territory in the Caribbean captured data on EI, psychological well-being and various dimensions of job performance. Multiple mediation hypotheses were tested using the 95 per cent bootstrapping confidence interval (CI) estimation approach.

Findings

The results revealed that job satisfaction and work-related depression mediated the relationship between EI and task performance; and the relationship between EI and OCB-O, but only work-related depression mediated the relationship between EI and OCB-I.

Research limitations/implications

The study utilised a cross-sectional study design and self-reported measures but still presented significant implications for existing and future theoretical models of EI and job performance.

Practical implications

Organisations should seek to develop high levels of EI in their employees as a means of improving their overall psychological health and well-being and performance behaviours at work.

Originality/value

The study examines multiple mediation of various psychological well-being dimensions in the EI-job performance relationship using the 95 per cent bootstrapping CI approach.

Keywords

Citation

Devonish, D. (2016), "Emotional intelligence and job performance: the role of psychological well-being", International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 428-442. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJWHM-04-2016-0031

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited