This paper aims to explore the potential contribution of integrated traffic and parking management strategies to ensure more rational use of available parking spaces and to reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by commuters traveling to the University of Coimbra (UC) main campus.
An integrated modelling approach is used, including the characterization of supply and demand for parking and public transport, the creation and implementation of a survey to campus users and a life-cycle approach to assess six transportation and parking strategy scenarios.
This comprehensive analysis demonstrates the importance of integrated management measures to greening commuters’ transportation and parking within a University campus, identifying and quantifying opportunities for successfully making the transitions toward a more sustainable future, namely, increasing well-being and reducing environmental impact.
Results demonstrate that effective control of illegal parking and different forms of modal shift toward public transportation may contribute to important reductions in environmental impacts.
Local population reveals willingness to participate in collective efforts to tackle traffic and parking problems, challenging authorities to take action and empowering ever more people to engage in such cathartic changes.
This comprehensive approach is highly valuable for the management of parking and traffic within the UC campus, providing innovative lessons on the social and environmental impacts that would result from this policy approach to urban areas (e.g. historical centers) facing the typical problems of a carbon society, such as traffic congestion, non-regulated parking and intensive car use.
This work has been framed under the Energy for Sustainability Initiative of the University of Coimbra and supported by the R&D Project EMSURE - Energy and Mobility for Sustainable Regions (CENTRO 07 0,224 FEDER 002004) and by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through the doctoral grant FCT DFRH SFRH/BD/76357/2011 and the project PTDC/EMS-ENE/1839/2012 (Sustainable mobility: Perspectives for the future of biofuel production).
Cruz, L., Barata, E., Ferreira, J. and Freire, F. (2017), "Greening transportation and parking at University of Coimbra", International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 23-38. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-04-2015-0069Download as .RIS
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