Inequalities in economic and educational status among social groups in India: Evidences from a village-based study in Uttar Pradesh

Ishwar Chandra Awasthi (Department of Development Economics, Giri Institute of Development Studies, Lucknow, India)
Puneet Kumar Shrivastav (Department of Development Economics, Giri Institute of Development Studies, Lucknow, India)

International Journal of Social Economics

ISSN: 0306-8293

Publication date: 12 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the social and economic disparities across social groups in rural Uttar Pradesh. The paper demonstrates that the structure of the rural economy in India is characterised by deeply ingrained prejudices and social discrimination. The four-village study undertaken in one of the most populated states in India, Uttar Pradesh, clearly reveals that there is a huge disparity in terms of various social and economic indicators and that the so-called high growth has hardly helped in bettering their lives.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on primary data collected from the Census survey of villages exploring socio-economic disparities across social groups by using decomposition models.

Findings

The results evidently lend credence to the postulations that a large proportion of the disadvantaged groups are prone to multiple deprivations, both in the society and in labour markets. The inquiry reveals this phenomenon clearly.

Research limitations/implications

From the policy point of view, it is therefore imperative to ensure the direct and focussed provision of basic human requirements in terms of education, employment and income of the state. The implementation of direct policy interventions is an absolute necessity if the state has to guarantee convergence and the inclusive growth process on a sustained basis.

Originality/value

This paper fulfils an identified need to study the inequality among the social groups in terms of education, employment, income and livelihood opportunities in selected villages of four districts of Uttar Pradesh.

Keywords

Citation

Awasthi, I.C. and Shrivastav, P.K. (2017), "Inequalities in economic and educational status among social groups in India: Evidences from a village-based study in Uttar Pradesh", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 44 No. 6, pp. 774-796. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-08-2015-0210

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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