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The impact of TQM practices and KM processes on organisational performance: An empirical investigation

Bara’ Tareq Qasrawi (University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan)
Soud Mohammad Almahamid (Middle East University, Amman, Jordan)
Shadi Tareq Qasrawi (Middle East University, Amman, Jordan)

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management

ISSN: 0265-671X

Article publication date: 7 August 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of total quality management (TQM) practices in terms of leadership, strategic planning, customer focus, teamwork, process management, information, and analysis on organizational performance in Jordanian telecommunications companies. In addition, the mediating effect of knowledge management (KM) processes is tested.

Design/methodology/approach

A survey instrument was used to gather empirical data, and it was distributed to all managerial and non-managerial employees. A total of 477 questionnaires were valid for analysis, resulting in a response rate of (97 percent). Factor analysis and multiple regression analyses were used to test the study’s hypotheses.

Findings

Customer focus and process management were found to have an insignificant impact on organizational performance, while teamwork had the strongest impact on KM processes. The results also revealed that only knowledge sharing and application processes had a significant impact on organizational performance. More importantly, KM processes fully mediated the impact of TQM practices on organizational performance, except for teamwork, which had a partial mediating effect.

Research limitations/implications

This study was limited to a survey of the headquarters of three telecommunication companies: Zain, Orange, and Umniah, in Amman City.

Originality/value

Originality of the paper lies in testing the influence of TQM practices on organizational performance in a novel context, where most TQM initiatives fail for one reason or another.

Keywords

Citation

Qasrawi, B.T., Almahamid, S.M. and Qasrawi, S.T. (2017), "The impact of TQM practices and KM processes on organisational performance: An empirical investigation", International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, Vol. 34 No. 7, pp. 1034-1055. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJQRM-11-2015-0160

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited