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Determinants of employee creative behavior in the UAE public sector

Khawla Ali Al Hosani (College of Business, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)
Anne Rienke van Ewijk (College of Business, Abu Dhabi University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)
Matloub Hussain (College of Business, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management

ISSN: 1741-0401

Article publication date: 3 August 2021

Issue publication date: 30 January 2023

556

Abstract

Purpose

Service levels between public organizations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) differ and fluctuate. Service levels were found to increase with the level of employee creative behavior (ECB), which is currently a focal point in organizational policies by the federal UAE government. While the literature presents an ample array of determinants of ECB, local context typically influences which determinants provide more leverage than others. Therefore, this research aims to present a customized ranking of determinants that enables managers in the UAE public sector to successfully stimulate ECB.

Design/methodology/approach

Through a systematic literature review, this study identified 21 determinants at four different levels and subsequently utilized the analytic hierarchical process (AHP) to map their relative importance. Data were attained from 33 experts: managers and senior employees from different organizations.

Findings

Findings indicate that, overall, the individual level is seen as the most important leverage point to stimulate ECB, followed by the team level. Comparing the determinants under each level, management support (organizational level) is perceived as the most impactful, followed by coworker support (team level), and enhancing creative self-efficacy (individual level).

Originality/value

This study compares obtained levels from other studies with new levels in building the AHP model. These insights guide managers in the UAE public sector who aim to enhance ECB, which will contribute to increased service quality. The study introduced a comprehensive ECB framework of 21 determinants. Even though many ECB studies applied in different countries and industries, but to researchers' knowledge, this is the first ECB study that applied at the UAE's public sector using the AHP model.

Keywords

Citation

Al Hosani, K.A., van Ewijk, A.R. and Hussain, M. (2023), "Determinants of employee creative behavior in the UAE public sector", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 72 No. 2, pp. 532-549. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-11-2020-0601

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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