To read this content please select one of the options below:

Identification of drivers of employee engagement in Indian power companies

Samarendra Kumar Mohanty (Vinod Gupta School of Management, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India)
Arunprasad P (University of Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)

International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management

ISSN: 1741-0401

Article publication date: 8 July 2020

Issue publication date: 25 June 2021




The purpose of this paper is to extend the scope of social exchange theory (SET) to explore employee engagement and test its application in the context of Indian power companies. The study also attempts to explore the antecedents of employee engagement. This study includes organizational culture and three trusts, that is co-worker trust, supervisor trust and organizational trust whose presence in the organization influences employee engagement.


The study includes a sample of 812 executives who represent three major functions of the Indian power sector, that is power generation, power transmission and power distribution. The relationships between constructs are evaluated using structural equation modeling.


The findings of this study indicate that four resources in the organization influence employee engagement in different ways. Three constructs representing co-worker trust, supervisor trust and organizational trust partially mediate the relation between organizational culture and employee engagement. This study also compares the engagement levels of the employees from three power companies.

Research limitations/implications

This study is focused on companies operating in only the government sector.

Practical implications

Ensuring engagement from employees for the critical power sector is expected to support the development of the HR practices in this sector. Identification of sector-specific resources is expected to aid both employees and policymakers from the organization.

Social implications

This study assists the policy makers in the organization by showcasing the importance of organizational culture, interpersonal and organizational trusts and their impact on employee engagement.


Resource theory explains why certain resources in the workplace are exchanged for employee engagement. This study extends theories of engagement as well as SET and examines their application as employee engagement in the context of executives from Indian power companies. This understanding will aid the practitioners and researchers to further their understanding of employee engagement.



Mohanty, S.K. and P, A. (2021), "Identification of drivers of employee engagement in Indian power companies", International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. 70 No. 6, pp. 1263-1290.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles