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Culture meets commitment: how organizational culture influences affective commitment

Susann Dunger (Research Group Knowledge Management, Human Resources and Leadership, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany)

International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior

ISSN: 1093-4537

Article publication date: 28 February 2023

Issue publication date: 23 May 2023

1299

Abstract

Purpose

Organizational culture has been identified as an important factor in increased employee commitment. Particularly during a shortage of skilled workers, commitment is a meaningful indicator of higher loyalty and retention. However, limited research has studied the relationship between organizational culture and commitment from a global perspective. Most research focuses on specific aspects of culture and examines the aspects' effects on commitment separately. The author's objective is to identify influential organizational culture's dimensions and assess dimensions' relationship to commitment holistically.

Design/methodology/approach

For this purpose, the author analyzed a data set with 241,648 participants from 9 industries in Germany. The survey captures individual attitudes toward certain aspects of organizational culture and assesses workers' commitment to their organizations.

Findings

The results of a linear regression show that all cultural dimensions considered, namely transformational leadership behavior, team cohesion, compensation, fairness and caring attitude, if well-developed, positively and significantly influence organizational commitment. Interestingly, team cohesion has the greatest effect on commitment, followed by transformational leadership behavior, compensation, caring attitude and fairness.

Originality/value

This paper aims to examine the relationship between organizational culture and commitment holistically, thereby revealing which aspects of corporate culture are particularly important for increasing workers' commitment.

Keywords

Citation

Dunger, S. (2023), "Culture meets commitment: how organizational culture influences affective commitment", International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, Vol. 26 No. 1/2, pp. 41-60. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOTB-09-2022-0173

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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