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The new contingent workforce: Examining the bridge employment options of mature workers

Kenneth S. Shultz (Department of Psychology, California State University, San Bernardino, 5500 University Parkway, San Bernardino, California 92407)

International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior

ISSN: 1093-4537

Article publication date: 1 March 2000

Abstract

The dual forces of an increasing dependency ratio and lower labor market participation on the part of mature individuals does not bode well for the American and European Communities. To begin to better understand such macro influences, changing demographic trends in the U.S. and European community with regard to the aging population and workforce participation are reviewed. In addition, recent research which continues to dispel the myth of a negative relationship between age and job performance is reviewed. A more informative way of looking at possible relationships between age and job performance is presented. A variety of contingent work arrangements and flexible employment policies are reviewed as a potential solution to the decreased supply of skilled labor for employers and the need for continued income and community involvement on the part of mature individuals. In addition, a call for a redefinition of how we currently view retirement is sounded. We conclude with recommendations for both employers and mature individuals on dealing with the issues presented.

Citation

Shultz, K.S. (2000), "The new contingent workforce: Examining the bridge employment options of mature workers", International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, Vol. 3 No. 3/4, pp. 247-258. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOTB-03-03-04-2000-B001

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2000 by Marcel Dekker, Inc.