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The association between nurses’ religiousness and job satisfaction: Does materialism account for a moderation effect?

Henry Kofi Mensah (Department of Human Resource and Organisational Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Nestor Asiamah (African Centre for Epidermiology, Accra, Ghana)
Samuel Awuni Azinga (Human Resource and Organisational Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)

International Journal of Ethics and Systems

ISSN: 2514-9369

Article publication date: 12 June 2019

Issue publication date: 22 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to assess the effect of religiosity on the job satisfaction of nurses in response to the paucity of studies that have investigated this relationship in a health care setting. The authors also tested the moderation impact of materialism on the religiosity–satisfaction nexus.

Design/methodology/approach

The quantitative (correlational) research technique was applied to test hypotheses of interest. The simple random sampling method was used to select a representative sample of 458 nurses. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine the factor structures of relevant constructs and to test hypotheses. The study’s ultimate CFA model produced a good fit at 5 per cent significance level [Chi-square (χ2) = 19.121; p = 0.454].

Findings

Religiosity was found to make a positive effect on job satisfaction and a negative effect on materialism. Materialism makes a negative effect on job satisfaction. Religiosity and materialism makes a significant negative interaction effect on nurses’ satisfaction after controlling for job income.

Practical implications

It is therefore concluded that religiosity is a positive behaviour that contributes to the satisfaction of nurses, but materialism must be avoided or at least reduced to maximise this impact.

Originality/value

In this study, the authors demonstrate that the positive effect of religiousness on job satisfaction can be negatively moderated by materialism so that religiousness makes less impact on satisfaction owing to the negative influence of materialism on job satisfaction.

Keywords

Citation

Mensah, H.K., Asiamah, N. and Azinga, S.A. (2019), "The association between nurses’ religiousness and job satisfaction: Does materialism account for a moderation effect?", International Journal of Ethics and Systems, Vol. 35 No. 3, pp. 426-443. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOES-04-2018-0061

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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